To add a new Variable within Opsview Monitor, go to the Configuration > Variables menu, and click on the 'Add New' button which will load a modal window allowing the configuration and saving of the new Variable:
You can choose to provide friendly names for the arguments instead of 'arg1, arg2, arg3', etc.
In the example below, we have created a Variable that will be used to pass authentication details to a Service Check, and have thus changed arg1 to 'Username' and arg2 to 'Password'.
As can be seen in the screen above, the 'Encrypt' button has been checked for 'Arg2', meaning any value entered here when the variable is added to a host, will be stored and handled in a secured way in Opsview Monitor.
Click 'Submit Changes' to create the new Variable.
This is the name of the variable.
The name can only consist of capital letters, numbers or the underscore character. It must be 1 to 63 characters long.
Note: If you rename the variable, any host variables will automatically use the new name. However, any command line definitions (in Servcechecks, Hostchecks, Notification or Eventhandlers) will need to be manually updated.
This is the default value for this variable. For example, if the variable has the name
USERNAME and default value is
%USERNAME% in a command line will be expanded to
admin (covered in more detail below).
The default value can be overridden by adding the Variable directly to a Host.
As the value may be used in the Service Check name, there are limitations on how it be be defined. The value should contain 63 characters or less, and only certain characters are allowed: alphanumerics, space, period, forward slash and hyphen. This is because Opsview Monitor may append it to a Service Check name (for Service Checks that have the
Create Multiple Service Checks option enabled) along with some standard text. The total length of the generated service description cannot be longer than 128 characters. If it is longer, this will cause a failure when running 'Apply Changes' from the Configuration menu, and the following message will be displayed:
ERROR 500: Service name 'XXXX' on host 'YYYY' has greater than max 128 chars.
This is a "nice label" for each of the arguments. This is used to display a hint in the user interface about what data should be used in the associated Arg field.
The label can be any characters, up to 64 characters in length.
This is the default argument for each of the arguments. This can be overridden by a host variable.
The default argument can be any characters, up to 65536 characters.
Note: Variables can only be added to plugin-based Service Checks.
Note the name of your Variable and the arguments (where relevant), i.e. arg1 is username, arg2 is password and so forth.
Go to Configuration > Service Checks to open the Edit window for the Service Check you want to add the variable to.
Once the Service Checks window is loaded, add a new variable or click edit in the Service Checks contextual menu.
In the example above, we have simply inserted %MYLOGINDETAILS:1% and %MYLOGINDETAILS:2% (representing the arg1 and arg2 fields from our Variable) to an existing check with the standard 'u/-p flags (username/password).
- Click 'Submit changes' and the Variable is now 'added' to the Service Check.
Adding a Variable to a Host is done via the 'Variables' tab within the Host Settings edit window, as covered in Section 'Configuring a host: 'Variables' tab'.
Go to Configuration > Hosts and edit the Host you want to add the variable to.
Once the host's modal window is opened, click on the 'Variables' tab:
- Click on the 'Add New' button which will add a new line to the table, as shown below:
The drop-down on the left allows the User to choose the Variable; here we can select our newly-created MYLOGINDETAILS. (Note the % symbols are not shown here).
- Once the Variable is selected, enter some text in the value; as the value field is not used for the MYLOGINDETAILS Variable, we have just entered a description in the screen below (as the value cannot be blank). For Variables whose values are used, i.e. DISK, then the value must contain a relevant value i.e. '/tmp' or '/home/users' etc.
- Once the Variable has been saved, the arguments window in the lower half of the modal window is enabled:
In the example above the Username and Password labels we set earlier for arg1 and arg2 can be seen. We can leave these as the default, or we can choose to 'override' them ' i.e. add a value custom to this one host:
- Once the 'Submit Changes' button is pressed, the Variable and its overridden values are saved ' and the Password field encrypted.